A righteous man has regard for the life of his pet. Proverbs 12:10
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General Health Concerns
1. Why should I have my puppy/kitten dewormed?
Many of the parasites that puppies and kittens carry can be transmitted to humans. One worm can produce more than 100,000 eggs per day, which are then passed in the pet’s feces and spread throughout the area the pet roams. Children are the most susceptible to becoming infected with worms, their immune system is weak and they tend to put their hands in their mouth without washing first. Worms cause puppies and kittens to not grow as well since the worms are taking the nutrients your pet needs. You may never actually see a worm unless your pet has a heavy burden. By working with your veterinarian and having your pet tested for parasites annually, you can protect your pet and your family. Year-round prevention is the most effective way to control cat and dog parasites and the diseases they can carry.
2. Why should I have my dog tested every year for heartworm?
Dogs should be test yearly for heartworm to make sure they have not been exposed to the parasite prior to using prevention. If they have the worm and prevention is given the worm will die and can cause blockage of the heart. No prevention is 100% effective.
3. Why should my pet be on all year round heartworm prevention?
Due to the large number of heartworm positive pets, controlling heartworm year-round is the most reliable way to ensure the highest level of health for your pet and well-being of your family.
4. Why should I have a heartworm test done when my pet is on year round prevention?
No prevention is 100% effective.
5. Why should I spay/neuter my pet?
Everyone knows the number one reason to have ones pet spayed or neutered it to prevent unwanted puppies and kittens. Other reasons to have your pet spayed would be: to prevent hormone imbalances, infections, injuries (fights with other animals), cysts, tumours, prevention of unwanted behaviour and congenital abnormalities. With hormone imbalances may show themselves with such signs as sterility, skin lesions, mammary tumours and false pregnancies. When performed before the pets first heat the chance of developing mammary tumours are greatly decreased in dogs. The chance of your pet having a pyometra (infection of the uterus) where it would have to be removed when the pet is ill, causing greater anaesthetic risk, is no longer a concern.
Reasons to have your pet neutered are: prevents roaming, aggressiveness, spraying of urine (in cats), decreased urine odour (in cats), unwanted breeding or a combination of these. The risk of your pet developing tumours of the prostate, anal, and testicle are greatly decreased or even eliminated with neutering.
6. How often should I bathe my pet?
As a general guide line most dogs can have a bath once a month. Use only shampoos and conditioners made for pets, since they are formulated for their skin which is much thinner than ours. For breeds that require specific grooming, your groomer will advise you on the frequency of grooming needed.
Cats need less bathing than dogs. They tend to need it only if they go outside or if they pick up a parasite. If you are a cat owner and have allergies bathing once a month may help to reduce the allergens that their saliva deposits on the fur.
7. Should I brush my pet’s teeth?
Daily brushing of your pet’s teeth will help to reduce the tartar build up that causes the most damage seen in pet’s mouths. Start early, when you’re pet is a puppy or kitten, slowly introduce the concept of daily brushing. As their teeth fall out try to make the experience as pleasurable as possible, use a face cloth or a piece of gauze dipped in beef or chicken bouillon and gently massage the gums. By 6 months of age they should have their adult teeth in, this is when you can graduate to a soft bristled toothbrush and toothpaste made for pets.
8. If my dog was exposed to distemper/parvovirus will he/she catch it?
If your pet is fully vaccinated for distemper/parvovirus, if your pet is exposed briefly they should not become ill from this. If your pet’s immune system is compromised in any way they may be susceptible to these viruses. Always keep your pet up to date with your vaccines and try to avoid contact with ill animals.
9. What is lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium that is transmitted by ticks to dogs, humans, horses, cattle and cats. The ticks bite mice, deer and other small animals which carry the bacteria. The ticks then carry the bacteria to the next animal that it bites. If you’re pet has been diagnosed with Lyme disease you will not become infected from your pet. Signs are arthritis in nature with swollen joints and sudden lameness. If left untreated it can cause kidney disease. It is easily treated with antibiotics. There are vaccines available; you should discuss this with your veterinarian to determine if your pet is at risk to contract this disease.
10. What is a dog/cats normal temperature?
The normal temperature for a dog/cat is between 38 and 39 oC